This web page hosts the latest guidance from the Weed Resistance Action Group (WRAG). The 'Download' button provides background. Scroll down for guidance.
The Weed Resistance Action Group (WRAG)
The AHDB-supported Resistance Action Groups (RAGs) are informal, UK-based groups consisting of experts from the Crop Protection Association (CPA) member companies, other representatives from the agrochemical industry, a range of independent organisations, including public-sector research institutes, and the Chemicals Regulation Directorate (CRD).The groups are completely independent of AHDB and work to produce guidance on pesticide resistance issues. As part of its support to the resistance action groups, AHDB publishes WRAG guidance.
- Black-grass information by AHDB
- Black-grass: Why has this Weed become such a Problem in Western Europe and what are the Solutions? (this paper appeared in Outlooks for Pest Management 2017, published by Research Information)
- Black-grass ‘5 for 5’: Integrated weed management for long-term control (2017)
- Black-grass – everything you really wanted to know (2013)
- Black-grass – the potential of non-chemical control (2013)
- Black-grass risk resistance audit (2004)
Broad-leaved weeds guidance
Brome, rye-grass and wild-oats guidance
- Reduced sensitivity of sterile brome to glyphosate (news item 2018)
- Which brome is that? (a concise two-page guide) (2017)
- Identification of Brome grasses (a comprehensive four-page guide) (2015)
- Identification and control of brome grasses (2014)
- Effective, sustainable Italian rye-grass control in winter cereals (2007)
- Dealing with herbicide resistant wild-oats (2001)
Resistance Action Groups
In this video (above), AHDB's Paul Gosling describes the findings from AHDB research that investigates how farming practices can alter the risk of glyphosate resistance developing in UK grassweeds.
- Outlooks on Pest Management glyphosate special (December 2018). This issue features several key articles on glyphosate. It includes a paper by James Clarke, chairman of WRAG, which looks at the role of glyphosate and issues around protecting its efficacy.
- The benefits of herbicide resistance testing (2012)
- Detecting herbicide resistance - HRAC document (1999)
- Rothamsted Rapid Resistance Test for ALS Inhibiting Herbicides (2007)
- Rothamsted Rapid Resistance Test for rye-grass (2003)
- Rothamsted Rapid Resistance Test for black-grass, wild-oats and Italian rye-grass (1999)
- The 'R' system for interpreting results from herbicide-resistance screening assays in the UK (2007)
Seeing the big picture on herbicide resistance
An over-reliance on blackgrass herbicides is blamed for leading growers down a blind alley, where they now face a wall of herbicide resistance. AHDB-funded research is looking at the bigger picture to help find the best way forward.
Seeing the big picture on herbicide resistance (CPM article, March 2019)
Reports: Black-grass (mainly)
- Sustaining winter cropping under threat from herbicide-resistant black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides). AHDB Project Report No. 560. (2010-2014).
- Combating herbicide resistance by developing and promoting more sustainable grass-weed control strategies. Defra Project PS 2721. (2012 – 2015)
- Developing and promoting more sustainable grass-weed control strategies to combat herbicide resistance. Defra Project PS 2714. (2009-2012).
- Integrated Management of Herbicide Resistance. AHDB Project Report No. 466. (2005-2009)
- Herbicide Resistance Management: Evaluation of Strategies (HeRMES). Defra Project PT 0225. (2000-2005)
- Resistance to ALS inhibiting herbicides in UK populations of the grass weed Alopecurus myosuroides. Ronald Marshall PhD (Reading). 2003-2005
- Detection of herbicide resistance in black-grass, Italian rye-grass and wild-oat at all growth stages. AHDB (HGCA) Project Report No. 279. (1999-2000)
- Towards a diagnostic test for resistance in grasses. AHDB (HGCA) Project Report No. 225. (1996-2000)
- Inheritance of herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides) and responses of the weed to a range of herbicides. AHDB (HGCA) Project Report No. 116. (1991-1994)
- Herbicide resistance in black-grass (Alopecurus myosuroides). AHDB (HGCA) Project Report No. 62. (1987-1991)
Reports: Other grasses
- Developing strategies for reducing the risk from herbicide-resistant wild-oats (Avena spp.). AHDB (HGCA) Project Report No. 266. (1995-2001)
- Understanding and combatting the threat posed by rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum) as a weed of arable crops. Rocío Alarcón Reverte PhD Summary Report No. 18, April 2010. AHDB (HGCA) Project No. RD-2006-3209. (2006-2009)
- Understanding and combating the threat posed by rye-grass (Lolium multiflorum) as a weed of arable crops. Rocío Alarcón Reverte PhD (Reading). (2006-2009)
Reports: Broad-leaved weeds
- Preventing a wide-scale increase in ALS resistant broad-leaved weeds through effective management in cereal/oilseed rape rotation, using common poppy as an indicator species. AHDB Project Report No. 564. (2012 -2016)
- Herbicide resistant broad leaved weeds: research required to address policy needs. Defra Project PS 2709 (2006-2008)
- A review of broad-leaved weed resistance 2006-2007. Part of Defra project PS2709. (2006-2008).