Global milk deliveries
Updated 11 February 2021
Trends in global milk supplies impact on prices. Deliveries in the six key exporting regions are tracked to provide an overview of current production levels and trends in global milk supplies.
The milk production regions included are the EU-27, UK, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand and the United States. Combined, they account for more than 65% of global cow's milk production and around 80% of global exports of dairy products.
- Milk deliveries in the key exporting regions continued to record growth in December, rising by 1.0% on the year to average 813.2 million litres per day.
- In 2020, global milk production is estimated at 293.9 billion litres, 1.4% more than in the previous year, the equivalent of 4.0 billion litres of additional milk.
- The US contributed the bulk of this growth, with average daily deliveries up by 8.2 million litres per day in December (3.1%).
- Argentina also showed strong growth in December, with average daily deliveries up by 6.9%, the equivalent to an additional 2.1 million litres per day.
- Production growth in New Zealand and the UK was more muted with average daily deliveries up by 0.6 million litres and 0.9 million litres respectively.
- Australian daily deliveries were 2% lower than in the previous year, the equivalent to 0.6 million litres per day.
- In contrast to the rest of the year, EU production dropped off in December. Daily deliveries averaged 357.8 million litres, 3.0 million litres per day less than in December last year. While Polish and Irish production increased, this was not enough to compensate for the decline in France and Germany. Reports suggest that the reduction in these nations was driven by high feed costs, smaller herd sizes and colder weather.
- The tracker is a baseline for comparing against actual production, not a forecast of milk production.
- The baseline is calculated using historic month-on-month movements in milk production, providing information on a typical milk year in each of the key regions.