Updated 26 February 2024
The Actual Milk Price Equivalent (AMPE), Milk for Cheese Value Equivalent (MCVE) and Milk Market Value (MMV) provide general estimates on market returns and the current market value of milk. They are based on UK wholesale price movements and can be used to identify general market price trends. They are updated on a monthly basis.
- AMPE (Actual Milk Price Equivalent) is an indicator of the factory gate value of a litre of milk used for butter and skimmed milk powder
MCVE (Milk for Cheese Value Equivalent) is an indicator of the factory gate value of a litre of milk used for mild Cheddar and whey powder/butter.
- MMV (Milk Market Value) is an indicator of the average market value of a litre of milk based on typical utilisation of milk in the UK.
Movements in the MMV correlate strongly with changes in farmgate milk prices in 3 months’ time.
Production costs have been adjusted in January 2024 using quarterly data on manufacturing costs for Q3 2023.
As the data for these adjustments is always in arrears, AMPE and MCVE can only estimate actual market returns.
The AMPE and MCVE calculations were revised from August 2020 to take into account higher milk compositional quality, higher production costs and varying lactose powder prices. A summary of the changes is available to download below.
The production costs for AMPE and MCVE were updated in January 2024 to take into consideration inflationary increases up to and including Q3 2023. These include costs related to labour and energy.
The next update on production costs will take place following publication of the ONS quarterly manufacturing cost indexes for Q4 2023 (due for release end of April 2024).
Please note that AMPE and MCVE calculations do not include the cost of transport of milk to the dairy.
According to a 2014 survey of members of Dairy UK, the range of transport costs that can be encountered in the UK dairy industry are from 0.9ppl to 4.8ppl. The lower limit typically applies to purchasers with compact milk fields with larger farmers, while purchasers with geographically dispersed milk fields and smaller, less accessible farmers pay up to 2.4ppl on average. For some individual collection routes that involve reloading costs, transport costs can be as high as 4.8ppl.
Please note the published values for whey powder have been adjusted between February 2023 and January 2024 due to a revision in the EU product values. MCVE and MMV have been adjusted accordingly. There is no change to AMPE.
While AHDB seeks to ensure that the information contained on this webpage is accurate at the time of publication, no warranty is given in respect of the information and data provided. You are responsible for how you use the information. To the maximum extent permitted by law, AHDB accepts no liability for loss, damage or injury howsoever caused or suffered (including that caused by negligence) directly or indirectly in relation to the information or data provided in this publication.