Regardless of what happens with Brexit, unless the UK stays in, farmers in England will see direct payments removed by 2028. The situation for farmers in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales, (as of 11 March 2019) is unclear.
Wheat blossom midge larvae feed on the developing seeds, causing small, shrivelled grains with poor germination. Damage to the outer layer of the grain allows water to enter, resulting in sprouting in the ear and fungal attack.
No-till means sowing directly into the residues of the previous crop without any prior topsoil loosening. The objective is to reduce production costs while maintaining or increasing yields with possible added environmental benefits.