Russia proposing a non-tariff export quota of 20Mt: Grain Market Daily

Friday, 17 January 2020

Market Commentary

  • UK wheat futures (May-20) closed yesterday at £155.50/t, down £1.95/t on the day before. Furthermore, the November contract closed at £164.25/t, down by £1.45/t.
  • Chicago soyabean futures (Mar-20) closed yesterday at $339.51/t, down $1.75/t on the day before. This contract has taken a downturn this week. Traders are speculating that the long-awaited trade deal between the US and China may not lead to large purchases of US produced soyabeans from China.
  • Similar to the UK, France has been hit by heavy rain over the drilling season. According to a survey by Sigma Conseil the French wheat area is down 10% year-on-year at 4.47Mha, a 19-year low.
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Anthony Speight

Senior Analyst Cereals and Oilseeds

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Russia proposing a non-tariff export quota of 20Mt

Wheat markets were supported this week as the global superpower Russia exerted their influence. The Russian Agriculture Ministry is proposing to set a non-tariff quota for grain exports of 20Mt from January to June 2020.

Throughout the 2019/20 season Russia is forecasting a production of 73.5Mt of wheat, and 34Mt of that is expected to be exported. Being one of the largest exporters of grain it’s not surprising that markets have reacted in such a bullish sentiment.

However, it’s critical to engage with previous exports and what this means going into the future. In 2017/18 Russia exported 53% of their exports between July and December, and last year that figure increased to 70%.

For this season, Russia had already exported nearly 18.5Mt of forecast exports for the season by November 2019. Considering the two previous years Russia usually exports approximately 10% of total exports in December. This means that they have already exported approximately 21.9Mt by December 2019.

Conventionally the busiest times for exporting is at the start of the season, and months succeeding harvest. A lot of this is driven by demand from depleted previous season stocks and lack of physical storage.

Therefore, the real question is how negative is this potential quota on global supplies? Not that negative. Russia theoretically has only 12Mt left to export this season. Furthermore, global wheat export supplies are plentiful currently. The EU still has over 50% of their forecast exports remaining, while the Ukraine has 30% as of December 2019. This is over 21.5Mt of wheat available for the rest of the world.

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