Old crop support and new crop pressure, mixed signals for UK grain: Grain Market Daily

Tuesday, 5 November 2019

Market Commentary

  • Sterling has continued to remain supported over the last three weeks, with the inter day volatility decreasing following previous gains, at £1=€1.1578 by 3pm yesterday.

  • Gains in Brent crude oil have lent support to the oilseed complex, increasing over 3% from 31 October to yesterdays close, a five week high. Paris rapeseed (May-20) gained €4.75/t in response over the same time period.

  • New crop UK feed wheat futures have failed to continue to record gains over the last week. Until information on how winter planting has been affected is available, then further gains may be limited.

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Peter Collier

Arable Analyst

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Old crop support and new crop pressure, mixed signals for UK grain

Further mixed messages for global grain markets were released in yesterday’s USDA crop progress report, with additional supportive factors for the current crop year, but a somewhat bearish tone for new crop wheat.

Old crop sentiment

Further support to old crop global grain markets was provided as the harvest of US maize only just ticked past the half way mark by 3 November. This is well behind the average for this point in the year. A clear geographical north/south divide has taken place, with the northerly states the most delayed. Further support may also be provided by downgrades to the Argentinian and Australian wheat crops once harvest progresses and yields are better known. 

A combination of these factors are likely to be borne out in the November USDA WASDE, due out on Friday. Yet although there has been a potential month on month decrease in the “on paper” grain supply for 2019/20, the exportable wheat surplus across the EU, Black Sea and US will keep a lid on potential major gains.

New crop prospects

The prospect for next year’s wheat crop in the UK has been deteriorating amid planting delays. This has led to a rally in Nov-20 futures and gaining relative to global markets. However, as I’ll cover on Thursday, the UK can only price up to the point at which imports are price competitive.

On a global level, the early prospects for next year have a somewhat bearish tone. In contrast to the UK, winter wheat planting in the US has been ahead of average, with the condition of the early emerged crop in better condition year on year.

With a potential domestic shift from net exporter to importer, the direction of global markets may appear contradictory, supporting a well-supplied UK market but capping the potential gains in a tightening outlook.

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