Dairy key performance indicators

Improve your competitiveness by comparing your performance with our measures and targets to identify areas for improvement.

The measures are broken down into two areas:

  • Technical key performance indicators which highlight the six key areas for both all year round (AYR) and block calving systems which are crucial to delivering the financial performance required
  • Three key business measures that every business should know, understand and benchmark their performance against.

The measures show what excellent, good and average dairy farmers are achieving using industry data from the top 5%, 25% and average performers.

All year round calving KPIs

Key Performance Indicators

Excellent performance

Good performanceAverage performance
Pregnancy rate (%) >25% 20% 14%
Age at first calving (months)

23 months (but not less than 22 months)

24 months 27.5 months
Total purchased feed costs (pence/litre)

8,000l -7ppl

10,000l - 7.8ppl

12,000l - 8ppl

8,000l -7.5ppl

10,000l - 8.5ppl

12,000l - 8.5ppl

8,000l -8ppl

10,000l - 9ppl

12,000l - 9.5ppl

Average daily lifetime yield (litres/day) >19 litres 14.5 litres 12.5 litres
Overheads (excluding rent and finance) (ppl) 9ppl 10ppl 12.5ppl
Genetic merit 5th percentile 25th percentile 50th pecentile
How are all year round calving KPIs calculated? Work out your genetic merit if you don't have a herd genetic report

Block calving KPIs

Key Performance IndicatorsExcellent performanceGood performanceAverage performance
Cows and heifers calved within the first 6 weeks (%) >90% 80% 70%
Herd replacement rate (%) <20% 22% 26%
Milk solids output per ha (Kg milk solids/hectare) >1,500kg/ha 1,250kg/ha 1,100kg/ha
Milk yield from forage (litres) and (solids) >5,000l (427kg) 4,000l (342kg) 2,750l (235kg)
Overheads (excluding rent and finance) (ppl) 9ppl 10.5ppl 12.5ppl
Genetic merit 5th percentile 25th percentile 50th percentile
How are block calving KPIs calculated? Work out your genetic merit if you don't have a herd genetic report

Financial KPIs

Key Performance IndicatorsExcellent performanceGood performanceAverage performance
Full economic net margin (ppl) 7ppl 2ppl -3ppl
Return on tenants capital (%) >20% 14% 3%
Full economic costs of production (ppl) AYR<27.5ppl 
Block<24ppl
30ppl 34.5ppl
How are financial KPIs calculated? Work out your figures with our KPI Express tool

Strategic dairy farm KPIs

Our strategic dairy farms openly share their KPIs so you can see how they perform against a number or technical and financial measures.

Explore our strategic dairy farms

Strategic dairy farm KPI case studies

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