Light leaf spot forecast
Producing more than one infection cycle per season, light leaf spot is an important disease of winter oilseed rape. Although chemistry is available, sufficient control often depends on a combination of cultural measures and well-timed sprays.
Issued each autumn by AHDB, the preliminary light leaf spot (LLS) forecast shows the proportion of the oilseed rape crop (disease resistance rating of 5, sowing date in the week centred on 1 September) estimated to have more than 25% of plants affected by LLS in the spring for the current season. The forecast uses previous season pod incidence data and deviation from the 30-year mean summer (July and August) temperature. It also uses historic average winter rainfall data. In spring, the forecast is updated to reflect deviation in actual winter rainfall data from the 30-year mean.
The forecast provides a guide to seasonal risk levels. However, as local risk varies, it is important to inspect crops on a field-by-field basis, with prioritisation on early-sown susceptible varieties.
Light leaf spot forecast 2020/21 (final)
Light leaf spot forecast 2020/21 (preliminary)
Light leaf spot final forecasts (2013–20)
The forecast is based on no autumn fungicide.
Typically, a well-timed application of an appropriate autumn fungicide – at a sufficient dose – has a relatively large impact on the final light leaf spot levels in a crop. However, when disease risk is low, the effect is much less. In very low-risk situations (determined by observations of field-level risk), there is potential to reduce fungicide dose or omit some sprays – provided the strategy adopted also controls phoma sufficiently.
The forecast is based on a sowing date in the week centred on 1 September.
The effect of sowing date on predicted light leaf spot levels is moderate – with early sowings (mid-August) increasing prevalence and later sowings (mid-September onwards) decreasing prevalence. Once again, the effect is smallest when risk is relatively low.
The forecast is based on a resistance rating of 5.
Cultivar resistance has a significant effect on predicted light leaf spot prevalence. When the forecasts were first developed (based on data from 1987–99), ‘5’ was a moderate resistance rating. However, most current varieties are more resistant.