Viruses in cereals and oilseed rape
Some aphid species transmit yield-robbing viruses to cereals (BYDV) and oilseed rape (TuYV). Find out about the key species, virus symptoms and infection-risk management.
When are crops most at risk from virus diseases?
In both cereals and oilseeds, the key period for virus transmission by aphids is in the autumn. Symptoms typically appear in spring and, in extreme situations, plants can die.
Many factors influence the extent of yield losses. Earlier-sown winter crops and late-sown spring crops tend to be at a higher risk, due to the timing of aphid migrations. Risk is heightened in all crops by mild conditions in autumn and winter, which encourage aphid flight, reproduction and movement within the crop. Described within our Encyclopaedia of cereal diseases, some soilborne vectors also transmit viruses.
Barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) management in cereals
Various species of cereal aphid transmit BYDV. Find out about the principal vectors (bird cherry–oat aphid and grain aphid), including how to manage populations based on monitoring and, if necessary, control.
Turnip yellows virus (TuYV) management in winter oilseed rape
The main vector of TuYV in oilseed rape is the peach–potato aphid. It transmits the virus as it feeds on the crop during the autumn. As this aphid is resistant to a number of active ingredients, management relies heavily on integrated methods that reduce risk and target control.