Always consider your variety and check with your customer before making changes to your sprout suppression strategy. Follow the label and professional advice carefully.
Sprout Suppression series: Ethylene
Ethylene is a plant hormone that inhibits sprout elongation once sprouting has naturally initiated. Research has shown that performance varies significantly between varieties, as some are more responsive to the hormone than others. As a result, ethylene is more effective at lower temperatures (< 5 °C) and is therefore more widely used to control sprouting on potato varieties destined for the fresh pack market, such as Nectar and Melody. Unlike CIPC, ethylene usage as a sprout suppressant is not governed by a Maximum Residue Level (MRL) threshold and because it has minimal residual effect, sprouting can resume just a few days after removal from storage, which can be a disadvantage for shelf life.
Controlling sprouting with ethylene has proved less popular with potatoes destined for processing to date. That is because, in addition to inhibiting sprout growth, ethylene can also temporarily increase respiration in tubers. The resulting accumulated sugars have an effect on fry colour, which varies significantly between varieties. To provide levy-payers in the processing sector with more sprout suppression options, the AHDB funded a research project to investigate the use of ethylene in combination with CIPC on the major processing varieties and to provide practical recommendations. However in light of the withdrawal of CIPC some leading UK french fry manufacturers are endorsing ethylene in processing stores following commercial testing.
A gradual increase to 10 ppm of ethylene and subsequent maintenance at this concentration was sufficient to reduce sprouting to commercially acceptable levels for six months in Markies and Russet Burbank, but not Maris Piper. Ethylene treatment had an effect on fry colour but was within commercially acceptable limits for Maris Piper, Markies and Russet Burbank. A single dose of CIPC (max 12 g/t) prior to ethylene application proved more effective than either treatment alone and points towards a synergistic effect between both treatments. The most recent research suggests Maleic Hydrazide followed by ethylene in store has similar results.
Research so far has demonstrated that, while effective sprout suppression with ethylene as a lone treatment or in combination with CIPC can be achieved for fresh market and processing varieties, not all varieties respond effectively. As a store manager, make sure to consider this varietal component when using ethylene to control sprouting and to closely follow suppliers’ guidelines.
More research into ethylene and other alternatives are currently underway, as previously reported in the July and September issues of the Storage Bulletin. The full report for the research project mentioned above can be accessed here.
More information on application and how ethylene compares to other sprout suppression options can be found in the third edition of the Potato Store Managers’ Guide. If you are interested in testing out ethylene in your own stores, contact our sprout suppression specialists free of charge on the Storage Advice Line 0800 0282 111 or e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org
What to remember when using Ethylene
- Applied or generated in store throughout the storage period from the first signs of sprouting
- Ethylene levels must be built up over time (ramped) to the holding level.
- While reducing store leakage of the ethylene is desired its not as important as ensuring CO2 levels do not reach 0.5% or above.
- Zero Day harvest interval
- Can be used in combination with other treatments - e.g. MH
Below: Restrain in a potato store