Monitoring Tuta absoluta populations in crops

It is essential that growers have accurate, topical monitoring information on which to base decisions throughout the growing season. This can be gained by a combination of trap and plant inspections. Read about monitoring Tuta absoluta populations on this page.

A pheromone-based trap used prior to planting

Sex attractant

Female Tuta absoluta produce a sex attractant pheromone that has been synthesised and used as a very effective lure in sticky traps, often detecting males before there is any other evidence of the pest in the glasshouse.

When to use traps

The traps are particularly useful immediately prior to planting or in the early stages of the crop.

When not to use traps

The traps are ineffective when using the mating disruption technique because the air in the glasshouse is already saturated with the pheromone. 

Find out more about the mating disruption technique

A trap for Tuta absoluta

A Tuta absoluta trap. Copyright of Dr R J Jacobson (RJC Ltd).

Image © Rob Jacobson Consultancy Ltd.

An example of a pheromone lure as used in traps

Life of the lure

The lures have a limited life and should be replaced at 5–6-week intervals. The initial release of pheromone is relatively large and this is reflected in the size of the catch. Thereafter, the release declines progressively and the size of the catch may follow the same pattern.

Measuring population trends

Each time the lure is replaced there will be a surge in both the quantity of pheromone released from the trap and the size of the catch, even if the size of the insect population remains constant. As a consequence, the data collected from the traps can be misleading when used to monitor population trends and the effects of insecticidal treatments. One solution is to have multiple traps, replace them in sequence and then average the counts.

Lure used in a Tuta absoluta trap

Tuta absoluta lure. Copyright of Dr R J Jacobson (RJC Ltd).

Image © Rob Jacobson Consultancy Ltd.

Monitoring based on plant inspections

Counting active Tuta absoluta mines on the plants is more labour intensive than use of pheromone traps but provides more reliable information.

Counting procedure

This should be tailored to each individual site, taking into account the type of crop, size of glasshouse and any other monitoring systems that are already in place. A typical system would have at least 24 sample stations per hectare with 10–12 plants at each station. Numbers of active mines are counted at 7–21-day intervals depending on the time of year, speed of population growth and control measures being taken.  

A crop worker monitoring a tomato crop for pests

Crop monitoring. Copyright Dr R J Jacobson (RJC Ltd).

Image © Rob Jacobson Consultancy Ltd.

Useful links

Read about an outline IPM strategy for Tuta absoluta

How to look out for signs of Tuta absoluta in your crop

Author

The content on this page was authored for AHDB by Dr Rob Jacobson (Rob Jacobson Consultancy Ltd).

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Nathalie Key

Knowledge Exchange Manager (Protected Edibles, Vine Crops, Mushrooms)
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