Crop development

The interactive tool at the bottom of this page helps show the condition and growth stages of different crops across GB. The chart is split into regions and uses colours to show different conditions. You can also use the bottom chart to see growth stages of cereals or oilseeds.


Welcome rains continued for most into June. However, almost all regions reported rainfall at levels below the long-term average through the month. Recently, high temperatures have been recorded across much of the UK, although broken in brief periods with cooler spells and showers. Overall, crops are generally looking well, although yield potential may be affected if rainfall remains low.

Pest pressure is generally low and aphid levels have remained below insecticide treatment threshold levels.

Farmers are generally expressing several concerns on the run-up to harvest. Firstly, there are worries over the greatly increased drying costs that will be felt this summer. Secondly, the continued volatility in grain prices and high input costs are weighing heavy. Furthermore, difficulty sourcing glyphosate for pre-harvest use is leading some to consider direct harvest without desiccation

The table below shows crop condition scores as at 21 June 2022.

crop conditions 21 jun 22

Regional results and growth stages

Don't forget to scroll down the page to use our interactive dashboard to review regional crop condition results and crop growth stages.

Crop condition definitions

Crop condition was assessed using the USDA approach. This classifies crops into one of five categories, from very poor through to excellent (see details below). The values are given as the percentage of the GB crop area for that crop that falls in each of the categories – regional condition scores are available on the crop reporting dashboard at the bottom of this page.

  • Very Poor - Extreme degree of loss to yield potential, complete or near crop failure.
  • Poor - Heavy degree of loss to yield potential, which can be caused by excess soil moisture, drought, disease, etc.
  • Fair - Less than normal crop condition. Yield loss is a possibility, but the extent is unknown.
  • Good - Yield prospects are normal. Moisture levels are adequate and disease, insect damage, and weed pressures are minor.
  • Excellent - Yield prospects are above normal. Crops are experiencing little or no stress. Disease, insect damage, and weed pressures are insignificant.



Good yield potential is being reported for many, although dry weather may curtail grain filling. Wheat plants have entered the grain filling stage in good condition, but final yield is weather dependant. Water stress imposed during the grain filling stages of wheat growth, especially at the early filling stages, usually results in a reduction in grain weight leading to reduced grain yield.

Typical grassweeds have been reported (blackgrass, ryegrass and brome) and are now being seen above the crop canopy. Gout fly eggs have been reported by many, with some infestations reaching threshold levels for insecticide application. 

Generally, there is lower than average disease pressure reported.

Good yield prospects remain, providing there is enough rain for decent grain fill.


Crops are at very early grain fill. In Scotland, spring wheats are growing fast. The windy weather has relented, enabling timely plant growth regulator use.

Late sown crops are performing poorly and there are concerns that the dry spring may affect the yield potential.

Wild oats are appearing in crops across the south. Gout fly is widely reported, and insecticides applied.

Crop prospects are mixed. Late-sown crops are likely to yield poorly, due to the dry spring.

winter wheat 21 jun 22



Growth stages range between GS77-85 and some crops are beginning to ripen. Lodging is reported in some areas, particularly where fertiliser applications have overlapped.

All fertiliser applications are now complete. The recent rain has washed the final applications in well. Fairly low pest pressure has been reported. Blackgrass, brome, wild oats, and ryegrass are present in high numbers in many fields. 

Good prospects, but still remain weather dependent.


Crops are typically between GS51 to GS69. Early drilled crops are in better condition and fared better in the dry spring, than later drilled crops. Dry conditions are affecting those on light land. BYDV is reported in the Midlands and the North, but yield impacts are unlikely. Disease pressure is generally low.

Prospects are generally average, although expectations are higher in the East Midlands and Yorkshire.

winter barley 21 jun 22



The majority of crops are ranging between growth stages GS61 and GS70. Grain filling is well underway, and yield potential remains good.

Blackgrass, brome, wild oats, and cleavers have all been present in crops and are emerging above the crop canopy. Aphids have been reported but remain under the treatment threshold level.

Prospects are generally fair for straw and grain yields.


As with other spring crops, early-sown crops have established better and have better yield potential. Some crops in lighter soil have been affected by low soil moisture.

Well established plants with a good canopy are outcompeting many weeds, but some wild oats remain present. In general, oats are grown on land with fewer grass weed issues. 

Mildew and crown rust are present, but fungicide control has generally been effective

Generally average prospects, with higher expectations in the East Midlands and Yorkshire.

winter oats 21 jun 22

Oilseed Rape


The majority of WOSR crops are at GS79 – 84. Crops are now beginning to ripen and pod sealants are starting to be applied to protect against shatter. Some farmers are showing interest in direct harvesting without desiccation, due to the high costs and difficulty of getting hold of glyphosate.

All nutrition is now complete with recent rain washing final applications in well. Some growers reduced N fertiliser rates in response to high N costs. Crops affected by pigeon grazing are looking patchy in places. There are some reports of mealy cabbage aphid, but the damage is unlikely to affect the overall crop yield.

Prospects are currently looking good, although there is some concern about the quality of pod filling.


Establishment has been mixed, with some crops affected by dry soil, CSFB and pigeon damage. Presently, 12% of the SOSR crops is graded as poor/very poor. Those crops that have escaped too much damage have reached the flowering stage, with 55% of the crop graded as good or excellent.

Broadleaved weeds are an issue for some, where CSFB and pigeons have thinned out the crop. CSFB and pigeons have been causing damage to crops and affecting crop growth.

Prospects are fair, dependent on weather and pest activity.

winter osr 21 jun 22

Download the latest crop development report

How to use the dashboard

  • Use the drop down menu at the top of the first chart to view the crop conditions of a particular crop in each region.

  • Use the drop down menus at the top of the second chart to view the percentage of a crop at each growth stage. The drop down menus can also be used to show the information for a particular region.

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